Girls and Boys in College : Parallel Universes ?

Numéro: 

2

Volume: 

25
Roy, Jacques
Bouchard, Josée
Turcotte, Marie-Anne

Do boys and girls evolve in parallel universes when it comes to academic success? This is the question asked by the researchers, who took gender-based socialization theory as their departure point. This article presents a report on the main conclusions of the study, which led to discerning two explanatory models for observed differences based on students’ gender. According to the study’s results, there are few fundamental differences overall between girls and boys, at least among those who are on the road to assured success in obtaining a diploma. Where differences by gender are more obvious is among students who are academically at risk. The researchers analyzed the main factors in academic performance and the main factors in persistence. These made it possible to highlight the differences between girls and boys. Examination of the study’s results led to the development of two explanatory models: a model of commitment of a conformist type among girls and a model of self-assertion of a playful type among boys.

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